Hawthorne is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California. The city at the 2010 census had a population of 84,293, up from 84,112 at the 2000 census and in 2013 a population of 86,199.
The city was founded in 1905 as the “Hawthorne Improvement Company” by B.L. Harding and H.D. Lombard.
Harding’s daughter shared her birthday—July 4, American Independence Day—with New England author Nathaniel Hawthorne, and a decision was made to name the city after him.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2), over 99% of it land.
To the north of Hawthorne is the unincorporated community of Lennox and the city of Inglewood. To the east is the unincorporated community of Athens and the city of Gardena. To the south is the unincorporated community of El Camino Village, and the cities of Lawndale and Redondo Beach. Manhattan Beach is at the southwest corner of Hawthorne, and the city of El Segundo is to the west of Hawthorne. The unincorporated community of Del Aire is surrounded on three sides by the city of Hawthorne along western edge of Hawthorne.
SpaceX, an American aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company, is headquartered in Hawthorne.
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